Barkan, E. and Karn, A. (eds.). (2006). Taking Wrongs Seriously: Apologies and Reconciliation. Stanford: Stanford University Press. (Partly available online)

Bieler A., Bingel, C. and Gutmann, H. (2011). After Violence: Religion, Trauma and Reconciliation. Leipzig: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt (Not available online)

Brauchler, B. (2009). Reconciling Indonesia: Grassroots Agency for Peace. London: Routledge. (Not available online)

Daly, E., & Sarkin, J. (2007). Reconciliation in Divided Societies: Finding Common Ground. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. (Full text available online)

Kim, S.C.H., Kollontai, P. and Hoyland, G. (2008). Peace and Reconciliation: In Search of Shared Identity. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing Limited. (Partly available online)

Liechty, J., & Clegg, C. (2001). Moving Beyond Sectarianism: Religion, Conflict and Reconciliation in Northern Ireland. Dublin: The Columba Press. (Not available online)

Minow, M. (1999). Between Vengeance and Forgiveness: Facing History after Genocide and Mass Violence. Boston: Beacon Press. (Not available online)

Minow, M., & Rosenblum, N. L. (Ed.). (2002). Breaking the Cycles of Hatred: Memory, Law, and Repair. Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Partly available online)

Prager, C.A.L and  Govier, T. (2003). Dilemmas of Reconciliation: Cases and Concepts. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. (Partly available online)

Skaar, E., Gloppen, S. and Suhrke, A. (2005). Roads to Reconciliation. Oxford: Lexington Books. (Partly available online)

Spencer G. (2011). Forgiving and Remembering in Northern Ireland : Approaches to Conflict Resolution. London: Continuum International Publishing Group. (Partly available online)

Stovel, L. (2010). Long Road Home: Building Reconciliation and Trust in Post-war Sierra Leone. Antwerp/Oxford: Intersentia Publishers. (Not available online)

Walker, M.U. (2006). Moral Repair: Reconstructing Moral Relations After Wrongdoing. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)

Whittaker, D.J. (1999). Conflict and Reconciliation in the Contemporary World:
Making of the Contemporary World
. London: Routledge. (Partly available online)

Disputed Histories

Bekerman, Z. and Zembylas M. (2011). Teaching Contested Narratives: Identity, Memory and Reconciliation in Peace Education and Beyond. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)

Ben-Ze’ev, E. (2011). Remembering Palestine in 1948. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)

Fischer, D. H. (1971). Historians’ Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought. New York: Harper & Row. (Not available online)

Ingrao, C. & Emmert, T. (Ed.). (2009). Confronting the Yugoslav Controversies: A Scholar’s Initiative. Lafayette, ID: Purdue University Press. (Partly available online)

Judah, T. (2000). The Serbs: History, Myth and the Destruction of Yugoslavia. New Haven: Yale University Press. (Not available online)

Nothnagle, A. L. (1999). Building the East German Myth: Historical Mythology and Youth Propaganda in the German Democratic Republic, 1945-1989. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. (Partly available online)

Truth Commissions

Braithwaite, J., V., M. Cookson, and L. Dunn. (2010). Anomie and Violence: Non-Truth and Reconciliation in Indonesian Peacebuilding. Canberra: ANU E Press. (Full text available online)

Gallagher, S. V. (2002). Truth and Reconciliation: The Confessional Mode in South African Literature. Portsmouth: Heinemann. (Not available online)

Grandin, G. and Miller Klubock, T. (2007). Radical History. Truth Commissions: State Terror, History, and Memory. Durham: Duke University Press. (Partly available online)

Hayner, P. B. (2002). Unspeakable Truths: Facing the Challenges of Truth Commissions. London: Taylor & Francis Group. (Partly available online)

Payne, Leigh A. (2008). Unsettling Accounts: Neither Truth nor Reconciliation in Confessions of State Violence. Durham: Duke University Press.  (Partly available online)

Rotberg, R. I., & Thompson, D. (Eds.). (2000). Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions. Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Partly available online)

Wiebelhaus-Brahm, E. (2010). Truth Commissions and Transitional Societies: The Impact on Human Rights and Democracy. New York: Taylor & Francis Group. (Partly available online)

Criminal Court Justice

Aksar, Y. (2004). Implementing International Humanitarian Law: From the ad hoc Tribunals to a Permanent International Criminal Court. New York: Routledge. (Partly available online)

Clark, P. (2011). The Gacaca Courts Post-Genocide Justice and Reconciliation in Rwanda. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)

Heder, Stephen R, and Brian D Tittemore. (2004). Seven Candidates for Prosecution: Accountability for the Crimes of the Khmer Rouge. Documentation series (Documentation Center of Cambodia) ; no. 4. Phnom Penh: Documentation Center of Cambodia. (Not available online)

Kerr, R. (2004). The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: An Exercise in Law, Politics, and Diplomacy. New York: Oxford University Press. (Not available online)

Maley, W. (2002). The Afghanistan Wars. New York: Macmillan. (Partly available online)

Roht-Arriaza, N., & Mariezcurrena, J. (Eds.). (2006). Transitional Justices in the Twenty- first Century: Beyond Truth Versus Justice. New York, Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)

Schabas, W. A. (2000). Genocide in International Law: The Crimes of Crimes. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)

Stromseth, J., Wippman, D., & Brooks, R. (2006). Can Might Make Rights?: Building the Rule of Law after Military Interventions. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)


Authers, J., & Wolffe, R. (2002). The Victim’s Fortune: Inside the Epic Battle over the Debts of the Holocaust. New York: HarperCollins. (Not available online)

Barkan, E. (2001). The Guilt of Nations: Restitution and Negotiating Historical Injustices. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. (Partly available online)

Brooks, R. L. (1999). When Sorry Isn’t Enough: The Controversy over Apologies and Reparations for Human Injustice. New York: New York University Press. (Partly available online)

Cordial, M. and Røsandhaug, K. (2009). Post-conflict Property Restitution: Post-conflict Property Restitution for Refugees and Displaced Persons under International Law. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. (Full text available online)

Hirsch, A. (2011). Theorizing Post-Conflict Reconciliation: Agonism, Restitution & Repair. New York: Routledge. (Not available online)

Merryman, J. H. (Ed.). (2006). Imperialism, Art, and Restitution. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)


Arthur, P. (2010). Identities in Transition: Challenges for Transitional Justice in Divided Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)

Ben- Ze’ev, E., Ginio, R., and Winter, J. (2010). Shadows of War: A Social History of Silence in the Twentieth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)

Cohen, R. and Deng, F. (1998). Masses in Flight: The Global Crisis of Internal Displacement. Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution. (Partly available online)

Edles, L. D. (1998). Symbol and Ritual in the New Spain: The Transition to Democracy after Franco. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)

Gellately, R. and Kiernan, B. (2003). The Specter of Genocide: Mass Murder in Historical Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press.(Partly available online)

Hughes, R. (2006). Fielding Genocide: Post-1979 Cambodia and the Geopolitics of Memory.  Melbourne: University of Melbourne Digital Repository. (Full text available online)

Judt, T. (2009). Reappraisals: Reflections of the Forgotten Twentieth Century. London: William Heinemann. (Not available online)

Macmillan, M. (2010). The Uses and Abuses of History. London: Profile Books. (Partly available online)

Oucho, J.O. (2002). Undercurrents of Ethnic Conflict in Kenya. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV. (Partly available online)

Ricoeur, P., Blamey, K., & Pellauer, D. (2004). Memory, History, Forgetting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Partly available online)

Terdiman, R. (1993). Present Past: Modernity and the Memory Crisis. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. (Partly available online)

Waki Commission. (2008). Waki Report. Kenya. (Full text available online)

Winter, J. and Sivan, E. (1999). War and Remembrance in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Partly available online)



The Institute for Historical Justice and Reconciliation (IHJR) works with educational and public policy institutions to organize and sponsor historical discourse in pursuit of acknowledgement, and the resolution of historical disputes. Founded in 2004, the Institute for Historical Justice and Reconciliation (IHJR) is an independent, nonprofit institution based in The Hague.